maumau
the arcane perpetual guardians of the esoteric and ethereal earth science.

 

One language used to name creation

One abstruse reality is that a singular language was used in scientifically naming the attributes relating to the earth’s terrestrial and hydrological configurations. This phenomenon has been discoverd in part by divers research, which however defaulted in arriving at this magnanimous conclusion. Similar names of places separated by immense distance may be explained off as serendipity. When similarly named locations are proven to bear common attributes, then the only rationale is that the naming was structured in a common language. The names of places and major features on the planet inspite of being corrupted by ethnic plagiarisation and colloquial vulgarisation by their perpetual transfer from diverse modern languages, chief of which is europination during the European colonial escapade over the rest of the world, yet retain their elemental composition, forms which indisputably can be illustrated to have the common origin of Ancient Sanskrit.

"Of the cursory observations on the Hindus, which it would require volumes to expand and illustrate, this is the result, that they had an immemorial affinity with the old Persians, Ethiopians and Egyptians, the Phoenicians, Greeks, and Tuscans, the Scythians, or Goths, and Celts, the Chinese, Japanese, and Peruvians.” Indologist and Sanskritist Sir William Jones - Asiatic Researches, Volume I, 1806.

Averse from his other controversial works, Gene D Matlock in his book ‘India once ruled America’ capably cites numerous examples of divers places named in Sanskrit language. Such examples include the Maya civilizations of the west in comparison to the Maya tribes of Mongolia and their shared language and cultural attributes. Whereas some of Matlock’s examples and summations may be overzealous corroboration of his thesis, they nevertheless broadly infer to the lands of the west having once been named in a language common to that which was used in India. Matlock however remained oblivious of the similar etymology of locations in Europe and Africa, lest he either would have altered his theory, either that the Indian had once ruled the entire world, or that once a common language was used throughout the entire world.

In the heart of East Africa is an extensive plain west of several mountains that bears the name Arusha, in Tanzania. The name Arusha is a Sanskrit name that means gentle sunshine. The climate of Arusha is typically of gentle sunshine asmt meru ring around central core it has several mountains towards its East and standing between it and the Indian Ocean. The resultant climate of the region of Arusha is that of a plain tempered by the clouds arising from the mountains to its East. One of these Mountains is called Mt Meru, which again is of Sanskrit derivation and refers to a circular ring surrounding a particular location. Why would two land features and locations in Africa have descriptions based on a language predominantly used anciently in India? And it is not only the two locations but likewise all the rest of the landscape that adheres to this phenomenon. Karatu, means in Sanskrit designed land or rather land that is articulately designed. It is the region that is to the west of Arusha. And further still to the west is the Mara. Mara means bitterness, as it also was recorded in the Bible in regard to the bitterness of death and misfortune that Ruth had encountered in her sojourn in the land of Moab. The water in the Desert that the Israelites had had to drink being bitter had likewise been called Mara. The sound Ma refers to water and other universal attributes of necessity such as truth. Ra denotes fire, heat, brightness or splendour among other attributes of like inference. As an adjective, Ra refers to the attributes of possessing or giving. Both meanings of Ra are from the similar inference of production, as when the Sun radiates heat and warmth, it possesses the heat and gives it out to those who would receive it. Light and Brightness are only visible when they are exuded from the object that possesses them. In Ma-Ra, both sounds contribute their noun meaning which results in the compound meaning of Water and Heat. The combination of water and heat in rapid succession results only in one giving way to the other as both cannot prevail concurrently. When the water is plenty, it initiates the process of life and germination, but then is exceeded by the heat of the sun that after drying out the water, then desiccates all moisture out of the young life of the plants and without the plant life, the animal life likewise fails in its prematurity. Death is the resultant. Mara therefore refers to both death and bitterness as both experiences are on and the same. The Mara region in the South of Kenya is an extensive region of this attribute in nature. Its rains are merely sufficient to initiate the process of life but barely in its infancy, the ravages of the Sun bake the earth and destroy all the young life. In fact, the animal species within this Ecosystem is forced by nature and had developed the instinct of migration so as to avoid the draught of the Mara. It is known as the great Wildebeest migration, one of the great wonders of the natural world. The animals have to migrate across the Mara River infested with crocodiles while escaping the draught in the Serengeti, and then back to the Serengeti from the Mara. The river’s name being Mara augments the reality of bitterness when many of these animals, wildebeests and zebras fall prey to the crocodiles of the Mara, and the other predators. To the wildebeests and zebras of the Mara, when their lives are cut short by the ravages of nature, it is the perfect representation of death and bitterness.

As earlier alluded to, the order in which sounds are presented may or not attribute to the eventual meaning. In English for instance, if the words ‘boy eats mango’ in that order were to be considered as sounds, their meaning would be that a boy consumed a fruit. But ‘mango eats boy’ would have a different and preposterous meaning given that we all know that a fruit cannot consume a boy. The latter therefore would infer a different idea, given that the order in which the sounds are represented is different. In Ra-Ma therefore, the compound word in Sanskrit means esteemed, exalted and ideal. The Ra in this instance is attributed the adjective properties of possession and giving. It thus translates as possessing water, or giving water. In comparison to the cycles of Heat-Ra and Ma-water, the Ma comes after the Ra and is therefore considered to exceed and outlive the heat. When the water thus outlives the heat and is in excess of the heat, that region is ideal for both plant and animal life. It is an esteemed place. This is contrary to Ma-Ra, where the heat coming after the water exceeds and defeats the effects of the life endowing properties of water. Thus Mara is death, while Rama is life. The one is bitterness while the other is esteemed. Rama is thus one of the names attributed to the grandest esteems in culture. It is one of the names of God in Sanskrit. In biblical context, the name Rama denotes lofty or exalted and is the name of several towns located in high places of mountains and hills. In this essence, as we well are aware, the lofty heights likewise are regions possessing and oft producing water. The Sanskrit etymology of Rama is therefore observed to apply. Such places are as in Ramath-Gilead, Rama of Saul, Ramath Negeb, Ramathaimzophim and Ramathajaim.

There is a place in Mexico that goes by the name Oji-naga. In Sanskrit, oji means defeat whereas naga refers to a mystical creature that could shift its shape and likewise to the snake. As already encountered, the na sound infers the negative. Ga means tangibility, or the essence of being. Not tangible, or Not being therefore alludes to the nature of intangibility or shape shifting aspect of the Naga creature. In snakes, their coiling ability other than their perpetual growth camouflage and ecdysis, qualifies them as not having a tangible form and therefore as naga. If one asked what the shape of a snake and its length, then it dawns from observation that the snake has multiple forms and sizes. The place where the naga were defeated, or also where they remain as ghosts, that is to share the remnant of their destroyed forms is at Ojinaga in Mexico.

Now in India are numerous places that bear the title and meaning of Naga, chief of which is the Nagaland region. Another location in India is Vijay-naga, which means the victorious naga, in reference to the ancient kingdom of Vijaya Nagara. Nagara refers to dextrous, versatile, clever or bad. Its root word naga, the intangible, formless attributes to nagara its meanings, which is possessing of intangibility. Being dextrous, clever or evil means one that is susceptible to inconsistency and change. The Naga therefore in this attribute would infer the intelligence and cultural aspect of a people who adopted virility and change, rather than the other aspect of physical shape shifting. Current society from the Industrial revolution as such would be classified as nagara, for their dynamism in cultural change. When not all such revolution and change is beneficent to the life of the planet and humanity as a whole, the nagara is justified as an evil element. In present day, the explosion of city populations with all the social evils and environmental challenges resultant, to the rise in atrocities all qualify our nagara as evil. Vijaynaga was one such civilisation who excelled in dynamism and change, and probably not with evil outcomes, that is the global heritage of humanity bearing this entitlement. In Ojinaga, certainly the nagara had evil outcomes and hence the defeat in their enterprise. It too serves as heritage of humanity to this commemoration. Two places of the world with the same root word in the same language but miles and regions apart.

The other well known region bearing the element of the Naga is Naga-saki. Saki in Sanskrit means a friend, or companion. Ki refers to multiple aspects, and when combined with Sa, it means many ways, which is one way of describing similarities. Nagasaki means the friend of the Naga, or rather a place that bears many-ways similar to the Naga. It bore its name therefore from the similar industrialization as the Vijaynaga and other Nagara places of the world. In respect to climate and physical attributes, Naga would refer to a region where the climate and physical dynamism is not constant but rather ever virulent. Such kind of climates would not be the most suitable for sustainable activities of any kind. They may sustain a civilisation for a time and thereafter cause or result in the fall and destruction of the same. The destruction would be the evil resplendent in Nagara. As in other cultures of the world, the serpent is esteemed for its cleverness and dynamism, which however often is also associated to unsavoury tendencies called evil. The dynamic intangibility of a serpents’ ways is Nagara, where without the evil aspect is Vijaynagara, but with the evil overshadowing the good elements would be Ojinaga. The naga embodies the two resultants of increased knowledge. Thus four locations, two in the east, Vijaynaga and Nagaland, one in the far east, Nagasaki, and one in the Midwest, Ojinaga in Mexico well illustrate that there was once a time that such sample locations were named by a people who shared a common language.

In Russia, which is to the North of India, almost all its rivers and regions can be understood to be of Sanskrit derivation. Anantha Narayan compares sixteen rivers’ names of Russia to their Sanskrit derivation equivalent. The Volga for instance he surmises is from the name Bulga, from which the country of Bulgaria gets its name. Bhulga in Sanskrit means that which plunges, submerges and emerges. Bhu sound aspires the idea of spirit, which is invisible and intangible yet acclaimed to exist. The river Voronya he attributes to Varunay which means originating from the god of water, Pregolya from Pragaly which means to fall off, Kuma from Kuma which means deep waters or lake. River Lokanka when read as Lu-ganga means dividing waters. River Samara defines a river with a course which bears the mara dynamism. Samara also means battle in Sanskrit, and is there ever a battle that has no death and bitterness? Varshauga is torrent in a Sanskrit as can be deciphered from Sa-ha-u-ga. The u commonly inspires the idea of duplicity, ha that of humility, and ga that of motion, tangibility and being. Thus one that flows both in stillness and rapidity describes Vershauga which is a river of both torrents and still waters. Vishera is from Visara which means abundance. All these and others are rivers of Russia that are named in Sanskrit derivation and meaning. The land of Russia itself Narayan explains to have derived its name from Rushya, the Sanskrit name of the Musk, and probably owing to its ancient source of the musk from the musk deer. The name Siberia likewise bears Sanskrit connotations. In its sounding, Siberia would be read as Sa-i-bhî-ria. The bhî sound refers to inspire the meanings dread and fear; ria means to thrive or life; Sa-i means the way of. The name Siberia thus readas way, dread, life. These three words would in combination mean mainly the region in which fear and dread thrives. It could also mean the preserve of dreadful life. In all its possible combinations of meanings, Siberia is certainly of Sanskrit derivation and in a singular name explains the richness and attributes of the region. Siberia is yet to be explored beneath to find out what is preserved beneath the ice glaciers and any human attempts at occupying Siberia is a dreadful prospect. They would perish in the cold. It therefore is indeed Siberia to human occupation, a dread of life.

Having places North of India named in a language highly evolved in India, or place in India itself named in Sanskrit is really not the big surprise. It is only to be expected. But then examples in Africa and the Americas named in Sanskrit are an epiphany. ‘Asai’ is Sanskrit for desire, while ‘Ma’ embodies the principle of universal necessities as in water or truth. Ma-Asai therefore refers to water desirous, or truth desirous. The Maasai are the world famous East African tribe that occupies most of the Savannah lands of that description.  When the rains come, the lands receiving water thrive in all life forms, but then the rains do not last long and the Maasai with their livestock have to migrate in search of pasture. They are nomadic pastoralists who greatly desire water fed green pastures. Likewise, the lands they inhabit desire water perpetually according to the seasons. To the east of the Central Kenya highlands, another region of land specifically has many names but generally is called ‘I-ka-bha’ (Ikamba). The sound ‘ka’ inspires the idea of motion and especially that of water courses. It means flowing water. The ‘bha’ sound inspires the principle of spirit, and since the spirit is invisible as the air, when water evaporates to gaseous form and becomes invisible, it is justified to term it as spirited off, or ‘bha’. Where the water flows into evaporation and spirit is hence a land called ‘Ikabha’. The people who have lived on this land adopted the name of the land and are likewise known. The region is suitable for crops that would grow rapidly as it is warm throughout the year even in the rainy seasons. If and when supported by irrigation, the production of food from the region would thrive as it takes much shorter period to grow that which takes much longer in the cooler climates of the highlands. Further descriptions of the land in the Sanskrit language abide true, such as ‘Ma-ku-eni’ indicative of water springs that are deep below the ground, or as with ‘Ma-singa’ which is for lion waters so named for the falls which then roared. There is also Ma-sa-ku, which means again the water way is in the depths. The region includes the Yatta plateau, and as a plateau is a raised flat plain of land, so does the name Yatta embody in its Sanskrit definition. Yatta means Vision heights, where vision would suggest the idea of a flat extensive space where vision is not restricted. It therefore inspires the idea of a plateau, and the ‘Yatta’ is to say plateau. To the west of the central Kenya highlands is yet another region that bears its description in the Sanskrit root. ‘Nandi hills’ is the home of the Nandi people of Kenya, which they associate with their ancestry. ‘Nandi’ in Sanskrit means capillaries. It is the capillaries of diverse rivulets that flow from the hills which form the south west flowing rivers that drain their waters into the Lake Victoria, the chief source of the Nile River. The Lake Victoria, before it acquired it European scientific name, had a Sanskrit code as ‘Nyasa’. ‘Nya’ means base, while the ‘sa’ we already have encountered to mean way. The name in Sanskrit means deposition. Deposition occurs at the base from a high ground and hence is the terminal location of the way from the high ground. It is Lake Deposition in which numerous rivers from round about East Africa first deposit their waters and silt, before the waters resume their journey into the Nile.

Lu’ syllable stands for a large body of water. The land that surrounds a large body of water is called Lu-o, with the ‘O’ sound, back to basics, made with rounded lips personifying the idea of to surround. The lands around the Lake Victoria are Luo, and so do the people who live there share in the name. They are called Luo or Jaluo, the ‘Ja’ sound bearing the meaning of birth or victory. ‘Jaluo’ thus means ‘Born around the lake’ or victorious around the Lake. The socio-economic way of life of this people was centred round the Lake and its environs in antiquity. Their cousins live all along the stretch of the Nile River all the way to Sudan. They are the lake and River Nile people of Africa, the Jaluo.

‘Sa-bhu-ru’ means way of the hunter. ‘Bhu’ personifies life or existence, while ‘ru’ suggests division, war, or alarm. In combination, the word describes lands in which the life is destroyed, or rather the way that divides the regions where life thrives from where it does not. It is the land between the desert and the fertile rainy regions. Such intermediary land still has the potential to support life, especially in regards to wildlife, and is suitable for game and ranching activities. The people who occupied these lands and share the name are hunter herdsmen in occupation. It is the way of the hunter economic occupation inspired and orchestrated by the scientific quality of the lands they occupy. There are two regions in Kenya that share this description of Samburu. The one is North West of the Kenya highlands, while the other is to the West of the Kenyan coast. Named from antiquity, both regions share alike climatically and vegetation conditions and both are to date most ideal for game ranching or game parks. They are not sustainable for any other agricultural occupations, from their soil types to the climatic conditions.

The ‘Meru’ is the region that surrounds the Mt Kenya, especially to the East and North. It inspired the name of the people also who live in its environs. There is a ring of mountains that surround the Mt Kenya at a distance, which essentially is the actual origin of the ascent to this mountain. ‘Meru’ means surrounding ring, with the ‘ru’ again inference of the division. It therefore applies to these mountains and incidentally marks the limit of the lands associated with the Ameru to date. One of the sub-groups of the Meru people is the Tharaka. The ‘Th’ sound is synonymous in Sanskrit with ‘Dh’ and thus the ‘Dharaka’ is likewise an appropriate spelling of the name. In India, there is a region called Dhaka. ‘Dha’ denotes reservoir while the sounds following describe what nature of reservoir the ‘Dha’ is composed of. In Dhaka, it is the reservoir for flowing water, which translates a holding of waters to augment the volume of a river. In Dharaka, it is the holding of river waters to augment volume and surface area for evaporation. The ‘ra’ principle describes the area as hot and the functionary suggested is evaporation in bid to augment the hydrological cycle. Thus our ancient ancestors had evaluated two lands far-displaced geographically but suggested they had similar values and ought to serve similar functions.

Lets Revert to the sound ‘Lu’ and its embodiment. In proving the antiquity of the use of Sanskrit, nothing serves truer than in the naming of the River. The River is supposed to refer to the Nile, where in Semitic languages it is plainly so called, the river, ‘Nahel’ from whence the Nile obtained its alliterated English spelling. ‘Nahel’ however, is still the alliterated sounds ‘Nai-lu’ from the Sanskrit meaning of leading large body of waters. ‘Na-yee’ is Sanskrit for ‘Not follower’ as in the Nayee sect of India which referenced their aptitude of not following the traditions of an earlier time. In Nailu, the wording as sounded is also Nayee-lu, or as in the Semitic Nahel for the River. The Nile River is the longest river in the world known to this day and the only river as we shall establish latter to originate proximally from the central earth waters. Its source the Lake Victoria likewise is the largest fresh water lake in the world. These leading parameters associated with the Nile qualify it as not following any other in the world. It is the leading water body of the world, both in its length and size of its reservoir as well as its leading aspects in historical basis and the size of population it enables to thrive upon the planet. It qualifies therefore as the River, the Nailu, or the Nahel.

This brings us to other well known names that bear the sounds Na-yee in their words. Chief of these is the Niger, which is read as the Nai-ja, or Na-yee-ja. It is Africa’s second biggest river in terms of length, volume and the population that it supports. The Naija means the lead born, or the leading in victory. It is the Niger that inspired the name of the countries Niger and Nigeria. Although it has other local names especially in its lower extremes, it was called the Niger in its higher course from whence it originates in the highlands and rain forests North of Nigeria.

Numerous other rivers round about the world, from the river Amazon to the Ganges are all named according to their qualities in Sanskrit, to the least of their tributaries so long as their most ancient name can be retrieved. The West however was not as extensively explored by our ancestors nor continually habited as is the case with the mother continent, Africa. It is in Africa that therefore the longest continuous cultural heritage will be found. According to Deodorus Siculus, a 1st century historian, it is only the Ethiopians who had not mentioned in their history of having originated from any other location. All other tribes on earth at his time mentioned one or the other location as having being their former abode, but the Ethiopians had no such declarations in their history or mythologies. It is therefore in Ethiopia where humanity has occupied since times immemorial. It is not therefore strange that even the smallest of land features and springs in Ethiopia, ‘Africa’ is found inscribed according to the ancient Sanskrit code.

‘Sa-ha-ra’ infers ‘way’, ‘humble’ and ‘heat’. It is a dry desert and what is deciphered from Sanskrit is essentially that. The land is humbled by the heat. The production capability of the land is humbled and defeated by the scorching heat. The similar syllables feature in the other African desert called the ‘Ka-ra-ha-ri, however with minor adaptations which inscribe that ‘Ka’ flowing water gets to the region but is aspirated by the heat and this sustains a humble simplified notion of existence. The Kalahari, unlike the Sahara, is capable of supporting life but to a greatly reduced extent. As for the Na-Mi-bhu (Namib) which inspires the name of Namibia, the syllables spell out likewise, ‘Not great existence’. The ‘Atacama’ desert in California being spelt originally as ‘A-ta-ka-ma’ would describe a high land without rivers or water. The preceding syllable ‘A’ may be considered as the equivalent of the negative sound ‘Na’ in most respects and may very well have been in the original only being missed out in the passing over of the name place from the ancients to modern recording.  The Golbi in the Tundra, the Chalbi in Kenya and other deserts of the world were thus codified too and their essence, their nature or even what lies beneath them can be retrieved by properly decoding the essence of their name in that ancient and sure language of creation that they were called.

When it comes to mountains throughout the world, the same is seen to serve true. The Himalayas are the greatest and widest mountain ranges in the world holding the highest over twenty world peaks. Even in the ancient world, our ancestors would not miss out on such a range as this. Himalaya –‘Hi-ma-rí-ya’ is said to be Sanskrit for house of ice. Well, befitting to some extent is the name, but anyone versed in Sanskrit at a later age would so name the mountain and not necessarily from antiquity. Likewise, the mountains may have been named Himalaya, and people of latter Sagarmatha, dhaulagiri, himalayatimes seeing the extensive ice cover would presume the name to mean house of ice. Many other earth mountains capped with glaciers have had their original names attributed to infer the ice cover. This has resulted in ‘cyclic error’ thinking where ancient language is misinterpreted in this misnomer and humanity remains in ignorance as to the true meaning of the landscape around them. The syllables of Himalaya designate as follows: Hi-certainty/solid; Ma-water, truth, plural: rI-desire, gold, fire, brightness, motion; Ya-light, moving, to find out, vision. Thus the compound name would transfer the meaning of Solid waters (ice) whose brightness and extent is bewildering to comprehend. Indeed it has the aspect of ice, but also means certainty of water supply that is beyond comprehension or measure. The aspect of ‘house’ in comparison to this other meaning bears less weight when one encompasses the true extent of the range, and the great world rivers Indus, Ganges, Brahmaputra that arise from the ranges. The highest world peak belongs to this chain of mountains and is presently widely known as Mt Everest, or Everest peak, named by the conceited Englishmen who presumed to measure its height after one of their company in that enterprise. The local names of the peak from the local dialects they discarded including the Sanskrit ‘Dhaulagiri’ is said to be ‘dhawala-white or dazzling’ and ‘giri-mountain’ in Sanskrit derivation, and the name was then used to name the seventh highest peak among the Himalaya ranges. However, the name Dhau and Dhawala are certainly different in meaning where definitely ‘Dha-wa-la’ intones ‘reservoir as light’ which indeed means dazzling. ‘Dha-u’ however infers ‘Reservoir doubled as the ‘u’ sound means to double. The name ‘giri’ is also the derivative of ‘kiri, or kili’ which means ‘what splendour/fire’ intoning massive assembly often inference of mountains. With the syllable ‘ma’ as in Ki-ri-ma, or Ki-li-ma, it certainly means mountain which is the massive assembly that bears water. Mountains are scientifically known to attract rain and are the source of rivers. Dhaulagiri can thus be read as Dha-u-ra-ki-ri-ma, which translates to ‘massive mountain reservoir that holds water in two functions’.  (Reservoir, double, possessing and giving, unimaginable splendour, water) Dhaulagiri indeed befits not only the highest earth peak but the entire range for it describes the functions of the Himalayas in one scientific name, Great mountain reservoir holding water in two ways and giving it out in copious amounts.

The other strong contender for the ideal name of the Himalayas has been ‘Sagarmatha. It is what the Nepalese opt to call the Everest, which is located in the mountain district of this same name. The Nepalese describe Sagarmatha to mean ‘fore head of the sea or sky’ or ‘mother of the universe. As it so often happens in the name of ancient geographical and place features, the name of the place predates the language of the people who latter occupy the region. The occupants in latter generations will attempt to ascribe meaning to the toponym (place name including hydronym-rivers and oronym-mountains or hills) based on their own language, and often fail to justify or arrive at any meanings. The resolution usually is to add the ancient name to their grammar and ascribe it the most composite meaning they would derive from their re-evaluation and observations. In time, the name is ascribed the new meaning and the ancient language in which the name was called is lost. Sa-ga-ra-ma-tha, in that ancient language denotes ‘way of certain and prominent water reservoirs’ The ‘ra’ the name would denote either the extensive size, but also the heat element of the region where the solid ice is melted to form the massive water reservoirs and rivers. Sagarmatha is thus the region where the solid ice from the mountains is melted by heat into water reservoirs. It fits the description of the region neighbouring the icy peaks of Himalayas but would not in definition contend for the title of the high peaks. The other common name for Everest is Chomulangma, which is ascribed the meaning of great mother, but would also mean great waters issuing from decomposition of solid ice by effect of heat. In any of the ancient and local names of the Everest and entire range, the meaning they bear in ancient Sanskrit cannot be compared to ‘Everest’ of modern nomenclature. The ancients were more scientifically disposed than their modern exploration counterpart.

The name ‘Kîrîma’ and its derivatives is Sanskrit for mountains and features in diverse areas of the world. Derivations of the name include ‘ki-li-ma’ and ‘Kîrîma, which are read as ‘kay-ray-ma’. The meanings of the sounds are Kî-great and massive element, Rî-acquiring, effecting and giving, Ma-water or truth. Essentially this is the key function of mountains and rain clouds. The Inuit have this name meaning hill, and it is also a common name in Bantu languages of East Africa with similar meaning. In German, the word equivalent and derivative is klima, which translates as atmosphere or climate in English. It is in fact the root word for climate, as mountains and hills are the structures which influence the climate of regions upon the planet, by their effects on the atmosphere that results in rains and subsequent springs of water. The English verb climb ostensibly can be traced from ‘Kîrîma’, the inclination of topography that causes changes in atmosphere and climate to result in precipitation of water as rain and subsequent kilimajro mountain ascending the low lying plainsrivers from the mountains. Kilimanjaro is Africa’s highest peak and the highest free standing mountain in the world. Scaling the heights of this grandiose mountain has been much easier than discovering the true origin and meaning of its name. Whereas its first name part ‘kilima’ is broadly agreed upon as to denote mountain, since everyone can observe that it is indeed a mountain, the meaning of ‘njaro’ is elusive and has had a plethora of expositions as to its reference. It is presumed to be of Chagga origin, the recent natives of the ecology surrounding the mountain, and is supposed to refer to a demon that causes the cold and ice on top of the mountain. Others presume it to refer to the ice itself, or to the whiteness, or to the difficulty of climbing the mountain. In Sanskrit, Ja denotes arising, victory or birth. The ‘ro’ as in ‘roha’ which means, increase of a number from little to higher denominations, mounting or ascending, when thus analyzed, with ‘ha’ inspiring the meanings of to height, sky, or even paradise, leaves the littleness inference to the sound ‘ro’. ‘Jaro’ hence inspires the meaning of arising from littleness or surrounded by littleness. ‘Jaro’ means mediocrity, bareness, emptiness. Notwithstanding all other proposed meanings of Kilima-n-jaro, when jaro confers the meaning of arising or growing from empty and barren environment, then the Sanskrit angle validates scientific essence of Kilimanjaro as the highest free standing mounting of the world. It is surrounded by empty ground in reference to elevations, and likewise the plains around the mountain are essentially of barren Savannah. It is the mountain that peaks in barren flat and barren plains.

Mount Kenya has similar etymology and inference. It is the mountain that grants description to the land in which it stands. Being the highest elevation closest to the equator, it is also known as Kírí-nyaga or Kîrîma gîa Kîrînyaga, which is to say the mountain of Kîrînyaga, but ought to be Kîrîma gîa Keri-nyaga, as reconciliation to Oldoinyo Keri the Maasai name for the same. Kenya is the mispronunciation derivation of Keri-nyaga when first mentioned to Dr Ludwig Kraft by one of the neighbouring communities to the mountain who called it Kiinyaa (Keenyaa) as they missed out the kerinyaga the tree of extent and prominenceconsonants R and G, as they still do in their language. In Keri-Nya-ga, the Ke-ri as oppossed Kîrî, the attribute is 'giving life' where in Sanskrit the word Keri refers to a kind of tree. to ready we have established refers to Massive entity possessing, holding and emanating a quality or substance. In 'Kîrîma' it’s the entity that holds and emanates water. In Keri-Nya-ga, it’s the establishment that possesses and emanates exuberance of Nya-Ga. Nya-Ga has in cyclic error etymologies, been suggested to refer to the Ice atop the mountain, to the Ostrich which shares the same name and also to the essence of life. The mountain that possesses and emanates the essence of life is rather a plausible notion given that water is that essence of life we all recognise it to be. In Sanskrit derivation, Kirma already qualifies this mountain as producing water, which is that essence of life. Nya-Ga refers however to the Spread and Prominence vectors. It is a mountain with a great deep and wide spread of influence, and of solid composure to its height. Nya-Ga describes the structural and associated composition of the mountain as being of solid volcanic rock with extensive wide and deep base. It’s a mountain that other than for its water possessing and producing capability, also has a wide and deep base of solidity and certainty. The certainty would describe its height being of similar composition as to its base. That kind of description may be superfluous but nevertheless was so ascribed to the mountain. As the singular mountain closest to the equator, the affluence of the mountain to world climate, presently undocumented, can however be shown in the ancient ways of knowledge, to be deep and wide, spanning the entire planet.

To the south of Mt Kenya is a little known plateau which relates in esoteric knowledge to the mountain. The location is known as Sai-Keri. The meaning of Ke (recieve) ri (life, exuberance, abundance). Keri also means a type of tree, given than trees are the perfect examples of natural permeations of life. Trees are the avenue from which the animalia kingdom recieves life and exuberance. The Sa-i means way-following, which infers the end point along a certain relation. The location of Sai-keri is related to Keri-nyaga where one is the deep, wide and prominent base of a tree, and the other the apex of the allegorical tree, which will be observed to realte to the Axis Mundi

Categorically also, the essence of mountains throughout the world inspired awe and reverence to their surrounding communities and hence most world mountains are held sacred throughout the world. Keri-Nyaga was no exception and was likewise called Keri -Nga-i. The name Nga-i commonly meant God, but from its etymology, which is En-Kai, or Eni-Kai, which is Sanskrit for Eni-spring source, Ka-i-flow. En-kai translates to the source of the essential flow (of rivers and water and subsequently life). The noble idea of God encompasses this essence of the origin and sustenance of life. The mountain of the tree of Eni-kai describes the mountain whose function is to originate and sustain the flow of life’s essence, and water. A shrine between the locations of Mt Kenya and the Saikeri plateau is known a the tree of God, Mûtî wa Ngai, or then the tree of the spring of the lead waters. In Maasai, the name Oldoinyo Keri would thus refer to the mountain of the granting of life, the mountain of the tree of life.

The range of mountains neighbouring Keri-Nyaga is the Aberdares range, whose original names are Nyandarwa, and Mt Sattima. In Sattima, the derivation of Sanskrit, ‘way of lasting water’ or ‘place with tenable and long supply of water’ is derived. Nya-Base, Da-earth/tower/height, and rwa-sacred inspire the meaning of a wide and towering mountain that is sacred. The sacred component when analysed refers to ‘ru-wa’, with ru-attributing war, battle, alarm, dividing. The ‘wa’ is comparison. It therefore refers to a wide towering structure of wide base which is vibrant in its function as a mountain, and determinative. It’s a battle-like mountain for its essence in holding, effecting and producing water, Iríma cia Nyandarwa. There is another land in Africa that is known as land of a thousand hills, Rwanda. In Rwanda, one can decipher in Sanskrit numerous towering highlands, possibly sacred. The language of the Rwandese is called Kinyarwanda. Had the people of Nyandarwa a definite nation and grouping, they would be called Wanyandarwa, where their counterparts, similarly living upon ranges of hills, are the Wanyarwanda. The definite and clear relation of the mountainous and hilly country-sides of Rwanda and Nyandarwa is certain indication that their naming was of similar origin, inspiration and language.

Another common word that references hills is the derivation of kirima as already encountered. The Kiri sound is also considered ‘Giri’ or ‘Gil’ whose diverse meanings range from cloud, hill, elevation, mountain, rising ground, rock, coming from the mountains, venerable or heaping up so as to form a mountain. In the Hebrew place name ‘Gilead’ the meaning is ‘Heap of testimony’ while ‘Gilgal’ means heap but also wheel or the rolling motion. Evidently, this is one more example where ancient Sanskrit complexes with Hebrew. Kir of the Hebrews refers to a city or wall, both of which still express the general concept of amassment and elevation of ground. Ground may also be elevated from the sea to form Islands and as such is the Sanskrit equivalent name for islands. In Canada and Azerbaijan are two diverse islands that go by this name, which is to certainly repeat the description twice. In Sasak Balinese language of Indonesia, Gili means Small Island or coral patch and has been used in repetition in naming of the ‘Gili’ islands. Loch Gill in Ireland is said to mean radiant lake, but on the lake are two islands which certainly from ancient naming gave the lake its description, that it is a lake with islands, two of them to be specific. Carn Romra, and Carn Omra are two cairns that overlook the Lake Gill and are tied in etymology to the lake. In both Romra and Omra, one can decipher the rising of ground suddenly over the rest of the level ground as in the formation of a cairn. Srinathak Gir in India means overshadowing other hills and is name of a forested mountainous region in India.

The lands of Europe which have been occupied for a long history have also had most of their original toponym changed to the language and speech of the occupying tribes and nationalities. There still however linger within these lands certain names of antiquity which still subsists in common use and that describe these ancient lands in their geographical respect. One such land is Greece, of the Greeks. The name of Greece was used by the Romans to describe the land of the Greeks, while the name of the Greeks was ascribed to the people who generally occupied the lands of Greece. Such cyclical reasoning leaves etymologists without further options in pursuit of the origin of the name Greek/Greece. Greek explicably is a metathesis of the original name ‘Gil-Ki’ or ‘Gil-Ci’ both of which in Sanskrit would describe a region of numerous hills and islands. That is essentially what the land of Greece has always been, known for its numerous rolling hills and islands. While the land of a thousand hills is known as Rwanda, that of likewise numerous Islands and hills claims the name of Gil-Ki, and its people are called the Greeks. Mara-thon is a famous region from antiquity of the people of Greece. In ‘Mara’ the meaning of bitterness from heat defeating the moisture has already been encountered. The suffix ‘thon’ expresses the frequency of the ‘Mara’ cycles which impart the Marathon its particular characteristics befitting its name. In current day marathon races, perseverance in difficulty is the conception inspired. Macedonia, another region of the Greeks was afore-time called ‘Ema-thia’. This is certainly Sanskrit that refers to ‘place (ena), waters (ma), receptacle(thi), from(a)’ which is to say the place from the mountains where the water is received and stored before flowing down to lower country. The latter name Macedonia inspires the same imagery, and would be a metathesis for ‘Maki-dhunia’ which transcribes as high land of great waters. Other lands in Greece such as Athena (Athina) render a place without water holding or retaining capability. And such other ancient names of Greece can be rationalized as to their name origin without necessarily invoking the diverse Greek gods; goddesses and ancient heroes and heroines of whom we are usually informed were the inspiration behind the naming of its cities and lands. In this ancient language indeed, the names of these same entities and personalities can be traced as to their true meaning, origin and etymology.

Rome being the metathesis of Ro-ma would describe a low lying flat land with low lying hills close to the waters of lakes and oceans. There are diverse toponyms that claim the description and name of Roma, from Australia, to India all the way to the Americas. Rome however, being of historical fame, from the Romans and its geopolitical position in the present world, holds most claim to the title. While most lines of etymology for great cities and names such as Rome, as profuse as they are, trace great and informative etymologies, they nevertheless eventually get to historical obscurity, which culminate with solitary affirmations that have no parallel for other toponyms of similar region and criterion. In the mythology of the founding of Rome, the twin brothers Remus and Romulus could spell the prominences Palatine and Aventine of the place in their original names, and the entire mythology as a description of the hills and landscape of the land around which the city of Rome was founded. Romu, in contrast to Roma, symbolises a flat plain that is disturbed by uneventful ascents. (Mu) is for degradation where in a flat low lying plain would indicate irregular and shallow hills disturbing the plain. Away from the capital of Italy, other regions of the world sharing the name sounds ‘ro-ma’ such as in Romania may be likewise rationalized.

River Thames, (Tha-mus) likewise would infer a river whose reservoir capability is reduced as it flows downhill. While all rivers experience this feature, Thames by flowing through flat lowland forms reservoirs whose utility to lower ground is if little use as the elevation difference is insignificant. The Danube river is agreeably from Sanskrit ‘Danu’ that means fluid drop, where the Da represents the heights from which the river flows. With the metathesis of Danubhi, it would describe a river which drops suddenly to the effect of being alarming or fearful. In the Rivers Rhine and Rhone, ‘Rai-ne’ as opposed to ‘Ro-ne’ would be more voluminous as opposed to its counterpart. Rhine refers also to its flowing nature rather than rapidity. The Rhone is actually short from Rho-da-nus, which suggests move to low ground from the high towers in rapidity. Both rivers arise from the highlands of Switzerland but the Rhine flows gently thus its name and runs a longer distance than its counterpart. The Rhodanus would have more cataracts and falls as it falls from the mountains and would be thus suitable for power options, its counterpart for irrigation. One of the tributaries of the Rhone is called ‘Massa’ which technically refers to watercourse in Sanskrit.   

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